The current laws of Bangladesh mirror their Western origins, but maintain their own cultural and religious values. A recent change in the laws of Bangladesh separated the judicial branch from the executive, aiding the further removal of political corruption. Although the laws of the Bangladesh constitution inspire high-minded ideas of democracy and freedom, many citizens simply do not have access to these protections and have no idea of their guaranteed rights.
Similar to the American Bill of Rights, the laws of Bangladesh enumerate 23 fundamental rights, most of which are covered in the American Constitution or subsequent legal jurisprudence. Many Muslim leaders feel that democracy contradicts the laws of religion, but Bangladesh has managed to maintain their form of parliamentary democracy while observing their religion obligations. Some laws of Bangladesh included in the 23 fundamental rights are; the right to property, protection of right to life and personal liberty, and equality before law.
The judiciary system relies on a Supreme Court as its highest court to deliberate on the laws of Bangladesh. Until recently, the executive branch wielded great control over the Supreme Court making it a political body subjected to posturing and corruption. The great writers on democracy consistently recognized the necessity of a separate judicial branch to objectively rule on the laws of the land. The Bangladesh constitution originally intended for this separation, but as a result of widespread corruption, elected leaders sought to control this wing of government as well.
Widespread poverty and illiteracy limits the ability for the Constitution to guarantee equal protection of law to all Bangladesh citizens. The problem does not rest in the intent of the document, but the lack of trust the citizens have in governmental officials and law enforcement. Underlying the laws of Bangladesh is an insurgence of corruption that leaks injustice and favoritism, creating the perpetual sense of distrust.
The Bangladesh legal system’s Western roots come from the English, as the core of South Asian governmental infrastructure was created over the 300 year span of British colonialism. Instead of disposing of all draconian colonist thinking that contains inherent racism and disregard, the textual laws of Bangladesh integrate the Western philosophy of democracy with their values. As a document, the Bangladesh Constitution offers a mix of nationalism and individual freedom that resembles the historical struggles. Yet, in practice, the laws of Bangladesh fail to sift out incessant corruption and deliver equality to every citizen.